Effective School Performance Stages at Public Senior High Schools in Indonesia

Ristapawa Indra, Martin Kustati

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the stages of effective school performance based on 11 characteristics of effective schools as well as to evaluate the level of correlation between individual characteristics of effective schools and the contribution of the school principal leadership to an effective school. 60 school principals and 105 teachers in 16 schools became sample of the research. The number of teachers took as many as 7 to 10 people for each school. The quantitative data were obtained through a set of instruments on 11 characteristics of effective schools. The data were then analyzed descriptively using frequency, min score, percentage, standard deviation, and inferential statistics (Pearson’s correlation, simple linear regression). Findings showed the stages of effective school performance of Public Senior High Schools in Padang as perceived by the principals and teachers were very high. There was a significant correlation between the professional principal leadership with the realization of 11 characteristics of effective schools. The professional principal leadership contributed as much as 58.5% to the realization of 11 characteristics of effective schools in Public Senior High Schools in Padang while the other percentage was contributed by other variabels not included in this study. The principal leadership was an important factor for the realization of 11 characteristics of effective schools in Public Senior High Schools in Padang.

Keywords


Leadership, effective schools, school performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, J. (2002). Pemupukan budaya penyelidikan di kalangan guru sekolah: Satu penilaian. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Aminullah, D., Tripalupi, L. E., Dunia, I. K., & Erg, M. (2014). Pengaruh Kepemimpinan Transformasional Kepala Sekolah terhadap Iklim Sekolah pada SMP N 4 Negara. Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Ekonomi, 4(1).

Booth, M. L., Ainsworth, B. E., Pratt, M., Ekelund, U., Yngve, A., Sallis, J. F., & Oja, P. (2003). International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 195(9131/03), 3508–1381.

Creswell, J. W., Clark, V. L. P., & Garrett, A. L. (2008). Advances in mixed methods research.

Duignan, P. (2007). Educational Leadership: Key Challenges and Ethical Tensions. Cambridge University Press.

Hariri, H., Monypenny, R., & Prideaux, M. (2014). Leadership styles and decision-making styles in an Indonesian school context. School Leadership & Management, 34(3), 284–298.

Harris, A. (2002). Effective leadership in schools facing challenging contexts. School Leadership & Management, 22(1), 15–26.

Indra, R., & Hamzah, M. I. M. (2014). Sekolah Sebagai Unit Birokrasi Kuasa Bandar: Satu Kajian Kes di SMA Kerajaan Sumatera Barat, Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 39(2), 141–148.

Konting, M. M., R. (1990). Educational research methods. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka.

Kunadi, P. P. D. (2013). Pengaruh Motivasi Kerja Dan Kompetensi Kepala Sekolah Terhadap Keefektifan Kinerja Sekolah Dasar Di Kecamatan Sleman. Hanata Widya.

Mohd. Izham Mohd. Hamzah, & Hussin, S. (n.d.). Pengurusan perubahan terancang dalam pembestarian sekolah: proses pelaksanaan polisi (Vol. 2009). Penerbit Universiti Malaya.

Pashiardis, P., Brauckmann, S., Sammons, P., Gu, Q., Day, C., & Ko, J. (2011). Exploring the impact of school leadership on pupil outcomes: Results from a study of academically improved and effective schools in England. International Journal of Educational Management, 25(1), 83–101.

Rahayuningsih, R., & Rus, P. (2013). Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dalam Pembelajaran (Studi Kasus Sekolah Dasar Negeri Wonosari). Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Razak, A. Z. A. (2006). Ciri iklim sekolah berkesan: Implikasinya terhadap motivasi pembelajaran. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 31, 3–19.

Sammon, P., Hillman, J., & Mortimore, P. (1995). Key characteristics of effective schools. A Review of School Effectivenes Research. Londres: Instituto de Educación/OFSTED.

Sammons, P. (1995). Key characteristics of effective schools. London: Institute of Education London Press.

Shahril, C. M. (2008). Ciri-ciri kepimpinan pengetua/guru besar yang dapat menghadapi cabaran dan harapan pada abad ke 21 ini. Jurnal Institut Pengetua Universiti Malaya, 1(1), 1–17.

Silverman, D. (2013). Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. SAGE Publications Limited.

Taylor, B. M., Pearson, P. D., Clark, K., & Walpole, S. (2000). Effective schools and accomplished teachers: Lessons about primary-grade reading instruction in low-income schools. The Elementary School Journal, 121–165.

Sudjana. (2005). Metode Statistika Edisi ke-6. Bandung: Tarsito




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15548/jt.v23i2.230

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Al-Ta lim Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View Stats
Al-Ta’lim Journal published by Faculty of Islamic Education and Teacher Training UIN Imam Bonjol Padang

Copyright © Al-Ta'lim Online Journal, Print ISSN 1410-7546 Online ISSN 2355-7893, All rights reserved


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.